Do you know Probiotio and Prebiotic?
Nowadays, consumers are paying more attention to health. In terms of nutrition, safety and health benefits. This is the birthplace of a food product called functional food, which is a food that affects various functions in the body, poses a positive effect on health by playing a role in reducing the risk and rate of disease. Many foods are classified as functional food and are found in everyday life. Especially the prebiotic and probiotic groups, which have beneficial effects on intestinal health. Therefore, we should get to know more about prebiotics and probiotics.
Probiotics are a group of living microorganisms that are beneficial to both human and animal bodies. Probiotics work to help balance the microflora in the digestive tract. By increasing the amount of beneficial microorganisms It reduces the amount of harmful microorganisms and stimulates the body’s immune system to fight off harmful microorganisms and inhibits the pathogenic microorganisms making it impossible to attach to the gut.
By means of secreting substances that are released against other types of microorganisms or growing to compete to prevent pathogenic microorganisms from growing and excreted through feces Probiotic microorganisms such as Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and Bifidobacteria. Prebiotics are parts of food that are not digested in the digestive tract. Stimulates the growth and activity of probiotic bacteria in the colon.
Most prebiotics are carbohydrates that the body cannot digest. oligosaccharide and fructoligosaccharide etc. Prebiotics and probiotics usually work together. Prebiotics and probiotics also have a number of health benefits, such as helping relieve constipation. Prevent the occurrence of diarrhea, diarrhea. Help burn fat Increase the absorption of calcium Reduces blood cholesterol levels and prevents colon cancer, etc. Most prebiotics are found in fruits and vegetables such as onions, bananas, garlic, asparagus, etc. Probiotics are in the form of processed dairy products such as curd and yogurt.
The mechanism of action of a bacterial group of probiotics is shown in the figure. When probiotics and pathogenic microorganisms enter the body, they bind to mucus and intestinal tissues. Both species must survive under the condition of the digestive system. And an increase in the number in the intestinal system, thus affecting the health of the organism in which it lives. Therefore, there is competition and discourage the growth of pathogenic microorganisms with probiotics. By combining on the surface and producing other types of antibacterial substances. And exclude pathogens directly
It can be seen that probiotics and prebiotics. It is an alternative for health conscious people. Or those who have problems with the digestive system Due to probiotics and prebiotics Contribute to the balance of the intestinal microflora. Thus resulting in better health for consumers