Who was the emperor who died playing polo in the Tang Dynasty?
What is polo? Two emperors died because of polo. Why? Today, the editor will reveal the truth about the death of the two emperors due to polo.
Polo was mainly popular among the army and court nobles in ancient times, especially in the Tang Dynasty. Polo was popular for a while, from the emperor to the ministers of kings, literati and generals, and most of them “for pleasure”. Polo, known in history as “squatting”, “striking” and “striking”, is a sporting form of hitting wooden balls with a long-handled mallet while riding on a horse.
Regarding the origin of polo, there is still no conclusion. According to legend, it was introduced from Persia (now Iran) in the early Tang Dynasty and was called “Polo Ball”, and then it was introduced into Mongolia, and it is still there today. Others believe that it was created by the ancient Chinese themselves. That is polo.
In ancient Chinese documents, the word “Kiju” first appeared in Cao Zhi’s “Mingdu Pian” during the Three Kingdoms period. Heartily praised the skill of the kicker. The writing time of “Ming Du Pian” was not long before Cao Pi reigned in the Han Dynasty, so Juying had already appeared in the Eastern Han Dynasty.
During the Tang Dynasty, polo became the favorite sport of the royal family. There were many courts across the country, and the game became popular. It was strongly advocated by the royal family. It was the heyday of polo. Eleven of the 19 emperors of the Tang Dynasty loved this sport, and two of them even lost their lives because of playing football.
Among the fan emperors of the Tang Dynasty, Li Longji of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty can be regarded as a hardcore fan. The “Fengshi Hearing Notes” written by Feng Yan of the Tang Dynasty records a polo match with Tubo that Li Longji participated in when he was 24 years old. At that time Tang Zhongzong reigned, and Li Longji was still the king of Linzi. He drove back and forth like the wind, waved his club, and was invincible. He repeatedly pierced the opponent’s gate and won a big victory. He won the first diplomatic match of the Tang Dynasty and made Tang Zhongzong very happy.
In 712, in August of the first year of Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty, the 31-year-old Li Longji came to the throne, and his polo addiction remained unchanged. “The poem inscribed for the emperor to play ball” said: “The palace opens thousands of doors in the daytime, Saburo is intoxicated to play back, and the nine-year-old Han Xiu died, tomorrow should be free of advice.” In Tianbao six years, 35 years after Tang Xuanzong ascended the throne, It also issued an edict that the army must practice polo, and polo and military sports began to get together.
After Tang Xuanzong, Mu Zong Li Heng was also a super horse fan, and died after playing injuries. Mu Zong died. After Jingzong Li Zhan succeeded to the throne, his fascination with polo continued unabated. Some polo players were recruited from various places to play day and night and ignore the political affairs. In the third year of the Baoli period, Jingzong was killed by Su Zuoming when he was drinking with 28 people including Polo General Su Zuoming. He was only 18 years old.
The emperor Tang’s skills were renovated from time to time. Xuanzong Li Chang’s skills were one of the best. It is said that when he hits the ball: “every time he takes the ball and jumps in the air, he hits the ball in the air, hits hundreds of times without stopping the horse. If thunder and lightning, a two-year veteran will be convinced by his ability.” Later, Tang Xizong also played “Batting and Gambling Sanchuan”. “The one who hits the goal first wins, and the winner gets first.” It is absurd to lose the position of Jiedu Sanchuan to Minister Jingxuan. Zeng also conceited and said to the Yoring Shiyezhu beside him: “If I take the batting and scoring exam, I should win the first prize.”
The last emperor of the Tang Dynasty, Tang Zhaozong, Li Ye, was even forced to move his capital to Luoyang and the six armies had fled. Still taking a dozen polo players by his side, I can’t bear to give up. This shows that playing polo has developed to a degree of fanaticism in the Tang Dynasty.
In the Tang Dynasty, polo was not only popular among emperors and civil and military officials, but also popular among the people, and even women became participants in polo activities. The so-called “There must be something good at the top.” Sima Guang also had such a sentence in “Tongji of Zizhi? Tang Ji”: “A good shot, from this, popular and popular.” The development of polo in the Tang Dynasty was inseparable from the emperor’s advocacy.
In the Tang Dynasty, women played polo for entertainment. The Tang poet Wang Jian’s “Gong Ci” mentioned that the palace ladies played in the palace: “The new white horse is afraid of the whip, and the name of the ball is destroyed by the door.” The envoy of Jiannan Jiedu Guo Ying watched female performers play for fun. According to historical records, they spent tens of thousands of dollars a day.
In 1972, the “Polo Picture” murals unearthed from the tomb of Prince Li Xian of Tang Zhanghuai in Qianxian County, Shaanxi, the bronze mirrors of the Tang Dynasty women playing ball pictures collected in the Palace Museum, and the Tang Dynasty painted polo figurines unearthed in Turpan, Xinjiang, all reflect the horses at that time. The popularity of ball sports.
Playing polo has not only become a physical exercise for emperors and aristocrats in the Tang Dynasty, but also played an important role in foreign cultural exchanges. According to documentary records, the neighboring countries such as Bohai, Korea, and Japan all had descriptions of polo competitions with the Tang Dynasty. The “Tianqiaohui League Map” (painted by Liao Chen Jizhi), now in the Palace Museum, depicts the scene of a polo match between Tang and Liao. The picture is based on the fact that Tang Taizong Li Shimin and the Turkic Khan Jieli met at the West Weishui bridge in Chang’an City in the 9th year of Wude (AD 626). Several knights rode their horses to fight for a ball. The scene was spectacular.
Polo in ancient China has continued for more than a thousand years, and many stories have been deduced. It gradually disappeared in the late Qing Dynasty. The current polo sport in China was introduced from the West, which is a pity.