The location of Alaska in the United States
Alaska (State of Alaska) is located at the northwestern tip of the North American continent, bordering Canada to the east, and surrounded on three sides by the Arctic Ocean, the Bering Sea and the North Pacific Ocean. The state has 17 of the 20 highest mountains in the United States. The 6,194-meter Mount McKinley is the highest peak in North America. Most of the active glaciers in the world are in the territory of Azhou, the largest of which is the Malaspina Glacier basin with an area of 5703km².
The state covers an area of 1,717,854km², accounting for 20% of the country’s area, and is the largest state in the United States. The southeastern and central-southern regions have a temperate climate, with temperatures ranging from 0℃ to 15℃ throughout the year; the inland is a continental climate, which can reach 26℃ in daytime in summer and -15℃ in polar night in winter; west and southwest are affected by ocean currents The influence is cold and windy; the Arctic Circle has a polar climate, and the temperature is below zero throughout the year.
With a population of 720,000 (2011), it ranks 47th in the United States, accounting for 0.23% of the total population of the United States. Whites accounted for 67.6% of the state’s total population, Indians and Alaska Natives accounted for 15.6%, Hispanics 4.1%, and Asians 4%. Juneau, the capital, has a population of 31,000. It is located in Southeast Alaska. There is no land connection, and transportation depends on water or air. Anchorage is the largest city in Alaska, with a population of 292,000.
The indigenous people of Alaska include Indians, Eskimos and Aleutians, accounting for about 1/7 of the state’s population. The rest are Americans, Russians, Japanese, Chinese and other ethnic groups. There are 80,000 soldiers and their families in the state. 46% of residents live in the Anchorage area.
Including the grasslands of the Aleutian Islands to the volcanic area of Katmai National Park, it was the first Russian-American foothold to set foot in Alaska, and can only be accessed by air and water. Two of the country’s three major fishing ports are in this area, and Kodiak Port is the largest port in North America. The aborigines of this area are the Yupik Eskimos and Aleutians who are famous for their basket weaving skills. This water area breeds a variety of marine life, and there are more than 230 species of birds in the Aleutian Islands.
This is the home of the Inupiat Eskimos, and it is also the area where the aurora and polar day appear. Traditional Eskimo life, modern oil technology and large herds of wild elk are intertwined into a unique scene. Kotzebu and Barrow are the two largest Eskimo communities in Alaska. The Dalton Highway in the area connects Pruchoe Bay with the Alaska Highway System and is the only road that can enter the extreme north.
The Yukon River is the northernmost river on the planet. It is about 2,000 miles long and runs through the interior of Alaska and Canada. It flows from the ancient city of Klondike into the Bering Sea. The main aborigines are the Athabascan Indians, famous for their weaving beads. Fairbanks, the second largest city in Alaska, is located in the middle of this area. It was unearthed during the gold rush. It was a center of trade and transportation, with naval and army bases. The University of Alaska is also located here. Mount McKinley is the highest peak in North America and is surrounded by Denali National Conservation Park. There are many wild animals in the park such as reindeer, flathorn deer, dole bighorn sheep and grizzly bears.
Central South District
The Alaska Mountains clearly outline the curve of the Alaska Bay, and also form the appearance of South Central Alaska. More than half of the residents of Alaska live here. There are glaciers, fjords, roadside lakes, calm beaches and salmon-bearing rivers, which are beautiful all year round. There are large tracts of farmland, fishing areas, national parks, ski resorts, and the cosmopolitan city of Anchorage. Important highway transportation lines in the state pass through this area, and the Alaska railroad line and the Alaska shipping system also pass through this area. Anchorage is an important transportation hub, with easy access to Mount McKinley, Denali National Park, Fairbanks, etc. Anchorage is also a must pass through the Pacific Great Circle route.
The inland corridor of southeastern Alaska is glacial-cut terrain, with hemlocks and spruces growing, natural pristine waters, snow peaks, deep fjords and forest islands, and is also the main habitat for vultures, sea lions, dolphins and whales . Juneau is the capital and third largest city of Alaska. It emerged during the gold rush; Sitka is the main settlement of Russian Americans; Petersburg retains many relics of Norwegian lumberjacks; Skagway can also vividly reproduce the history of a hundred years ago. Living conditions; Ketchikan claims to have the most totem relics in the world; there is a traditional cultural center in Chilkoot Port in Haines. This is the hometown of Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian Indians, and its cultural heritage is mainly reflected in totems, masks, bead jewelry, basket weaving crafts and carvings.
Alaska’s vast territory, coupled with the large ups and downs, has led to the diversification of the state’s climate. The southern coast, the southeast, the islands of the Gulf of Alaska and the Aleutian Islands belong to a temperate ocean climate, with an average temperature of 4～16℃ in summer, 4～-7℃ in winter, and annual precipitation of 1525～4065 mm.
The inland basin is a sub-temperate zone, drier and slightly colder than the coast. The average temperature in summer is 7～24℃, and the average temperature in winter is -7～-23℃. The average annual precipitation in Anchorage is 635 mm. The Arctic oceanic climate along the Bering Sea and islands has a temperature of 4～16℃ in summer and -7～-23℃ in winter. The central plateau has a continental climate, with a temperature of 7～24℃ in summer, -23～-34℃ in winter, and annual precipitation of 255～510 mm.
The polar plains have a polar climate, with temperatures ranging from 2 to 13°C in summer and -21 to -29°C in winter. However, in summer, the temperature can rise to 32°C under continuous sunlight for 24 hours.