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Which country is the lowland country?

God made the world, the Netherlands made the Netherlands“. This is a proud word that the Dutch love to say. Can God make the world? We don’t know. However, “Dutch man-made Holland” is not unreasonable.

“Netherlands” is called the Netherlands in Germanic, which means “a lowland country”. It is named because more than half of its land is below or almost at sea level. “Need” means low, “Lan” means place or country, and “Netherland” means “Lowland country”.

Low level is the most prominent feature of the Dutch terrain. The whole territory is lowland. A quarter of the land is less than 1 meter above sea level, and a quarter of the land is below the sea. Except for some hills in the south and east, most of the terrain is It’s very low. The south is connected by the Rhine, Maas, and Scheldt deltas.

The total land area of ​​the Netherlands is 41528 square kilometers, and the whole territory is lowland. A quarter of the land is less than 1 meter above sea level, and a quarter of the land is below the sea. There are more than 1,800 kilometers of dams and embankments along the coast. The rivers in the territory are crisscrossed, mainly including the Rhine and Maas. There is IJsselmeer on the northwest coast. The western coast is lowland, the east is wavy plains, and the middle and southeast are highlands. The south is connected by the Rhine, Maas, and Scheldt deltas.

More than half of the Dutch land is below or almost at sea level. Some areas are even formed by reclaiming land from the sea, such as most areas of Flevoland. The highest point in the Netherlands is the Vaalserberg Mountain (Vaalserberg) in the southeast corner of Limburg in the south, at an altitude of 321 meters. The lowest point of the Dutch terrain is near Rotterdam, 6.7 meters below sea level.

The vast majority of the Netherlands is plains, which is the lowest country in the world. The country covers an area of ​​41,160 square kilometers, one third of the land is only 1 meter above sea level, and one quarter of the land is below sea level. The population of the country is concentrated in the low-lying areas in the west, and the lowest place is 6.7 meters below sea level! How to save a large area of ​​land under the sea-it mainly depends on “enclosing the sea to build land.”

In 1629, Prince Frederick Hendrick of Orange began to build this line of defense. During World War II, the Netherlands also tried to rely on this line of defense to resist the Germans. The so-called “Dutch Waterline” is the use of water to form a military defensive strategy. The Netherlands is a “lowland country”, and there are many places in the country that are even lower than sea level.

For thousands of years, the Dutch people have struggled with the sea for a long time to survive. At the beginning of the 13th century, they competed with the sea for land. For 700 years, they have built 2,400 kilometers of embankments, which is about twice the length of the Dutch coastline. By continuously building dikes and enclosing the sea, more than 7,100 square kilometers of “virgin land” under the sea has been developed. Today, a quarter of the Dutch land is built through long-term dikes, dams, and drainage. The largest of these is the Barrier Dam.

The dam was built between the North Sea and the Zuider Sea, with a length of more than 30 kilometers and a width of 90 meters. It turned the Zuider Sea into an inland sea and shortened the northern coastline by nearly 300 kilometers. Transformed into land, and the sea becomes a land. The embankment construction project began in 1920 and was completed in 1932. The amount of work is unprecedented in history. It is said that it is one of the two artificial structures on the ground that American astronauts can see when they look back at the earth on the moon.

Ijmuiden Port (Ijmuiden) is located at the entrance of the North Sea Canal, about 10 nautical miles away from Amsterdam Port (Amsterdam). It is an important port in the western part of the Netherlands, and it is also known as the gateway to Amsterdam. Now the name of the place marked on the map is muiden, which can be said to be the “Dutch Waterline”, a serious defense system. Along this waterline, there are various fortresses and defense measures specially built.

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