Where is Flanders located?
Flanders is a historical place name in Western Europe. It refers to the southern region of the ancient Netherlands. It is located in the southwestern part of the Western European lowlands and along the coast of the North Sea, including present-day East Flanders and West Flanders in Belgium, and the Strait of Calais in France. Province and the Northern Province, Zeeland in the Netherlands.
The Celtic tribe originally lived here. The Romans occupied the area in the 1st century BC, and the Fris and Franks moved here since the 3rd century. In the 5th century this area was called Flanders (meaning plain). In the 9th century, Flanders became the earl of the Frankish kingdom. In 870, Flanders belonged to the West Franconian kingdom. During the cape dynasty, Flanders was ruled by the Count of Flanders. The Count of Flanders is one of the most important nobles in France, and belongs to one of the six nobles in France. (The remaining five are Normandy, Champagne, Toulouse, Burgundy and Aquitaine)
In the early Middle Ages, wool textile handicrafts developed in Flanders, and cities such as Ypres, Bruges and Ghent appeared. By the height of the Middle Ages, these cities developed into European industrial and commercial centers. Flanders has been a long-term battle between Britain and France. In 1384, it was incorporated into the Duchy of Burgundy due to the marriage of Margaret of Flanders and John of Burgundy. In 1477, it was under the rule of the Habsburgs, and in 1556 it was under the jurisdiction of the Spanish Netherlands.
In 1648, the northern part of Flanders (now Zeeland, Holland) was merged into the Netherlands, and the southern part of Flanders (present-day Pas-de-Calais, France) was merged into France from 1659 to 1679. The rest of Flanders (except Brabant) Special) in 1713 became the main part of Austrian Netherlands. France occupied Flanders in 1794, and in 1815 the Congress of Vienna placed it in the Netherlands. After the revolution of 1830 in Belgium, Flanders became the territory of the Kingdom of Belgium. During the two world wars, Flanders became one of the main battlefields in Europe due to its location in the North Sea region of Europe. After the war, Flanders became the industrial center of Belgium.
Flanders was an important feudal vassal country in Medieval Europe. It was usually a feudal vassal of the Kingdom of France, from the northeastern corner of France (Northern Province) to most of Belgium, including the southern part of the Netherlands Province. There are still two provinces in Belgium named Flanders, namely East Flanders/East Flanders and West Flanders/West Flanders. Flanders was once one of the powerful princes of the Kingdom of France in the early Middle Ages. In its heyday, its territory almost encompassed Belgium and Northeast France, and was gradually subdued by the King of France, and its territory gradually shrank.
After the heyday of the Middle Ages, the Flemish Republic of Flanders successively divided the Hainuobe State and the Duchy of Artois. The two places are now also one of the administrative divisions of Belgium and France. After the 15th century, Flanders and the other 16 provinces/feuds of the lowland regions were the territory of the Burgundian Duchy. Later, with the collapse of the Burgundian dynasty, it was included in the Habsburg family. territory. When Charles V divided the Habsburg family into two, Flanders and the other 16 provinces were put under the hands of the Spanish branch of the Habsburg family, so the place was called the “Spanish Netherlands”. .
After the 18th century, Flanders and the other 6 southern provinces of the Spanish Netherlands (the 10 northern provinces have long been independent as the Republic of the Netherlands, also known as the Dutch Republic), reverted to the Austrian branch of the Habsburg family, so Renamed “Austrian Netherlands”. At the end of the 18th century, the land was invaded and occupied by France, but after the Napoleonic Wars, the South and North Netherlands formed the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. However, soon after, South Netherlands separated from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and established the Kingdom of Belgium to this day.
In the 11th century, Flanders developed into the richest region in Europe and began its golden age. They imported wool from Britain, spun it into fabrics and sold them to the European continent. The prosperous textile trade made many cities in Flanders rich and possessed power. Until 1300, Ghent, Bruges, Antwerp, etc. all obtained urban autonomy from the nobility regulations and developed a proud urban culture.
A historically famous area in northwestern Europe, including parts of northern France, western Belgium, and parts of southwestern Netherlands along the North Sea coast. For centuries, as a clothing industry center, it has enjoyed practical independence and prospered. The Habsburg War in the Netherlands led to the final division of this region and suffered severe losses in both world wars.