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Fan Lihua, Gunpowder Mountain and the Legend of Nine Eyes Tower

Yanqing Flame Mountain, China
Yanqing Flame Mountain is 1141 meters high and has a general peak shape. It is considered a scenic spot because of its Nine Eyes Tower and the junction of the Great Wall. Flame Mountain is also known as Gunpowder Mountain. Legend has it that Fan Lihua, a female general in the Tang Dynasty, made gunpowder here and defeated Fan General Yang Fan in Shanmayu. There are still the grinding discs used by Fan Lihua to make gunpowder.

The east-west line of Gunpowder Mountain was a border defense area during the Tang Dynasty, such as’Qianma Mountain’ and’Hungpowder Mountain’ are the relics and legends left by the female general Lihua Fan. How was gunpowder invented? According to historical records, the earliest advent of gunpowder originated from the alchemy of Chinese Taoists. Originally, Taoists practiced pill not to develop gunpowder, but to refine “immortality” pill, but accidentally invented gunpowder. In the Sui and Tang dynasties, feudal rulers paid more attention to alchemy, leading to the prevalence of Taoism and alchemy to its heyday. Sun Simiao, the inventor of gunpowder in the early Tang Dynasty, was the most famous alchemist at that time.

Sihai Town is an important military town, and it is said to be named because of the gathering of four rivers here. Legend has it that Fan Lihua once fought here, and the names of nearby villages are also very interesting. For example, the village where the first enemy building is located is called the first floor, and the second is called the second floor. Guojiawan was originally called Binjiaowan, because Xue Dingshan spear picked Fan Lihua’s binding cloth for his feet.

Nine Eyes Building
Built on the top of Gunpowder Mountain, the Nine Eyes Tower is the largest beacon tower in Beijing. It has 3 floors, 9 arrow windows on each side, and 9 lookout holes connecting three side walls. If there are police in the world, there will be artillery fire on the Nanshan side wall. Can reach Juyongguan. Between the outer wall of the Nine Eyes Building and the main building, there is a 1.2-meter-wide circular channel for guarding soldiers to patrol. It can be seen that the outer wall is the first defensive barrier of the Nine Eyes Tower. The Jiuyan Tower is high and steep, and the city of Beijing can be seen on a sunny day. Therefore, it is also called Wangjing Tower and is one of the important gateways of the Great Wall. There are relics of stove kang and living room in the current building, and relics of horse farms, horse farms, and military camps (yingcheng) nearby.

Fan Lihua Dianjiangtai
Fan Lihua’s general platform is to the west of the Jiuyan Tower, which is Fan Lihua’s general platform. The Nine Eyes Tower is not only the largest enemy building on the Great Wall, but also has a very important strategic significance in military defense.

It is located in an important geographical location, which is the junction of the three major military towns of Xuan (Xuanfu, today’s Xuanhua), Ji (Jizhou, today’s Beijing), and Chang (Changping). It is the intersection of the Great Wall inside and outside. Today, the Nine Eyes Tower unfolding in front of you is very dilapidated. The vicissitudes of history have left the Nine Eyes Tower incomplete, leaving only a mottled mark on it. Although the Great Wall of Nine Eyes Tower has experienced hundreds of years of vicissitudes of history, the majestic beauty of the first floor of the Great Wall is still stunning!

There are as many as 24 inscriptions left on the upper floor of Nine Eyes. As an enemy building, he wrote so many poems and essays, which is unique. Ancient military strategists and poets were so in love with an enemy tower, which also shows the unique status of the Nine Eyes Tower from another aspect. Experts from the Great Wall Association of China fully affirmed the status of the first floor of the Jiuyanlou Great Wall. They climbed up to the Nine Eyes Tower and said with a sigh: “We have walked through all the Great Walls and we have never felt so shocked!”

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