What is the relationship between Fan Lihua and Yanying Temple, China
my country has a vast territory and a long history. It is not only the country with the largest number of place names in the world, but also has a profound historical and cultural heritage that is not comparable to that of ordinary countries. Among them, many place names originated from historical figures and historical events.
In Sanyangchuan, besides Fanjiacheng, the place names related to Fanlihua include Yanying Temple, Fanjiazhaizi and Wuhu Naorenshan. Wuhu Naoren Mountain is an isolated city in the Gourd River Canyon. It was where Fan Lihua used to stock up grain and grass, and it was also the place where she left for her to retreat; Fan’s village is not far from Yanying Temple, and Yanying Temple is Fan Lihua’s camp for garrison and drills.
Introduction to Yanying Temple
Yanying Temple is located in the center of Sanyangchuan, Maiji District, Tianshui City. When Fan Lihua occupied Fanjiacheng (in Sanyangchuan, 2 miles away from Yanying Temple) in the Tang Dynasty, he practiced soldiers and horses in the temple, hence the name. The main hall of Yanying Temple is facing south. The left side is the bell tower and the right is the drum tower. There are 7 ancient cypresses, all of which are more than a thousand years old. They are vigorous and tall and hugged by several people, which is rare in China. The three largest cypress trees are located in the center of the temple, symbolizing the unity of the three religions. There are nine halls in the temple, shaped like gossip. The name and location of the temple are:
Sizheng: Zhengbeikan Palace is the Temple of the Third Buddha; Zhengdongzhengong is the Hall of Sending Son Bodhisattva; Zhengnan Ligong is the Hall of Guanshiyin Bodhisattva in the South China Sea; Zhengxi Dui Palace is the Hall of Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva. Four corners: the northwest Gan Palace, the main hall of the Three Laws; the northeast Gen Palace, the Sanguandian; the southeast Sundan Palace, the Guansheng Emperor’s Palace; the southwest Kun Palace, the Sanxiao Our Lady Hall; the middle palace is the temple guardian hall. The Kanzhenlidui and the Central Palace in Sizheng are all Buddhist temples, and the Qiangen Xunkun in the four corners are Taoist temples. From the layout of these buildings, it can be seen that the Yanying Temple is a temple with the integration of three religions gradually built under the guidance of the principles of Yixue Bagua.
To this day, it is still surrounded by city walls and Gubsonsen. One of them has a diameter at breast height of nearly two meters. It is the largest diameter at breast height of the cypress in Tianshui, and its exposed part of the tree rings shows that its growth cycle is at least more than 1,200 years, and it was also planted in the Tang Dynasty.
It is said that Yanying Temple was called Lingyuanguan before the Tang Dynasty. At some point before, there was an extremely tragic battle and many people died. Even after many years, there were still ghosts wailing and crying at night. A nine-level brick tower was built in the ancient battlefield, and a tree of Chinese acacia was planted around the brick tower. Therefore, for many years, when people in Sanyangchuan area mentioned the Yanying Temple, they always talked about “three cypresses and nine halls, two sage trees embrace one tower”.
In the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the architectural style of Yanying Temple was relatively complete. Unfortunately, by the end of the 1950s, the precious cultural relics and buildings in the temple were painfully destroyed. The monastery was demolished and converted into a school building, with only 7 ancient cypresses remaining.
In 1985, the local cultural relics protection team was established, and the restoration plan of the Bagua building complex was formulated. Now the main hall and the Dongchai building have been restored, and the monuments have been erected. You can vaguely appreciate the architectural style of that year.
The original woodcut couplets of Yanying Temple: “The road is mountaineering, looking up and down, keeping your heels firmly when you are walking. From the river to the sea, you have a broad view of the southeast, knowing and eager to broaden your horizons.” There is a taste of the world, super vulgar Zen.
Singing through the ages
The negative picture of the dragon horse has not yet been returned, and the monastery here does not occupy the mountain.
Thousand-year-old ancient cypresses can roost cranes, and thousands of miles of clear streams are turning into the bay.
The temple has become a ruin, so why don’t you look for the years to fade.
Dongfeng Xin can green the fields, and the crows send the setting sun freely.
Shanghai Federation: It’s a pity, the past is utterly unsettled, and those who come later are more awkward;
Bottom line: Fortunately, Cooper is still alive. Once upon a time, he knew how to choose branches.