When was the York dynasty founded?
The York dynasty was a dynasty in the United Kingdom. In the second half of the 15th century, it competed with the Lancaster dynasty for the throne. The cause was that the York and Lancaster dynasties belonged to the branch of the Gorse dynasty. The final battle led to the War of the Roses. . The reason for the war naming is that there is a rose on the family crests of the two dynasties: a white rose for the York dynasty and a red rose for the Lancaster dynasty.
The York family was established in 1385 when Edmund of Langley, the fourth son of Edward III, was made Duke of York. During Henry VI’s reign, Richard of Bourse, Duke of York III, suggested that he should be the real King of England. Henry VI was the great-grandson of John of Gunter, the third son of Edward III, and the leader of the Lancaster dynasty.
The reason for the claim of Richard of Gorse for the throne is that Edmund Mortime, the son of his grandfather Roger Mortimer, may have been made heir by Richard II, and Edmund Mortimer had no children. After his death, his inheritance rights reasonably fell to his sister Anna Mortimer’s son, Richard of Gorse, so Richard of Gorse was more reasonable than Henry VI as the heir to the throne. .
Finally, Richard of Gorse and Henry VI reached an agreement in which Henry VI recognized the rationality of Richard’s throne, and Richard recognized that Henry VI was the reigning king at the time. He did not want to be The king was deposed, and the York dynasty succeeded to the throne after the death of Henry VI. The British Parliament approved the agreement. But not everyone in the Lancaster dynasty agreed to this agreement, especially Margaret of Anjou, the queen of Henry VI, wished her son Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, to succeed to the throne.
War of the Roses
In 1455 Margaret established an army to achieve her goals, and the War of the Roses began.
Richard of Gorse was killed in the Battle of Wakefield in 1460. His eldest son Edward IV succeeded to the throne in 1461 and became the first king of the York dynasty, but the war continued.
Henry VI was restored briefly from 1470 to 1471, but Edward IV achieved a decisive victory at the Battle of Diuxbury, Edward of Westminster was killed, Henry VI was sent to the Tower of London, and was killed soon. The War of the Roses came to an end.
In 1483 King Edward IV, his 12-year-old son Edward V ascended to the throne, but their uncle Richard imprisoned Edward V and his brother into the Tower of London, and Richard himself ascended on June 26 of that year. The throne became Richard III, and the Edward brothers disappeared.
Richard III was killed on August 22, 1485, the York Dynasty was defeated, and the War of the Roses ended.
Henry VII of the Tudor dynasty came to the throne in 1485. Henry VII’s matrilineal lineage came from the Lancaster family. In order to consolidate his throne, he married Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of Edward IV, the heiress of the York dynasty. Although the two families became in-laws through this marriage, the quarrel between the two families continued. The remnants of the York family also called themselves the legitimate king. In addition, various crooks such as Perkin Warbeck also tried to fish in troubled waters.
1461 Edward, the second son of Richard, Duke of York, ascended the throne in 1461 and established the York dynasty, known as Edward IV. Henry VI was restored in 1470. With the help of the French army, Edward IV defeated the Earl of Warwick and killed Henry VI at the Tower of London.
In 1483, King Edward V came to the throne. In the same year, along with his brother Richard, Duke of York, he was sent into the Tower of London by his regent’s uncle, Duke Gloucester. After that, there was no more whereabouts. The remains were discovered in 1674.
In 1483 Richard III came to the throne and became the younger brother of Edward IV.
From the Golden Sparrow dynasty in 1399 to the establishment of the Tudor dynasty in 1485, it was less than a hundred years before and after, but the dynasties changed repeatedly. The protracted Hundred Years’ War consumed a lot of manpower and material resources in Britain. The war ended with the ultimate defeat of Britain, and the royal family’s vitality and prestige were damaged. In the late Middle Ages, the feudal machinery turned its guns to the country.
At the same time, due to the development of the commodity economy and the collapse of serfdom, the original feudal monarchy relationship was destroyed to a considerable extent. The old and new aristocrats with different interests began to fight and kill, which evolved in 1455. War for the red and white roses. Due to the death of a large number of nobles in the civil war, the upper house of the parliament was also greatly injured. The cannibalism of the great aristocrats and the growth of the middle class brought opportunities for the Dodo dynasty to realize the centralization of power throughout the country and establish an absolute monarchy (Absolute Monarchy).
1461-1483 Edward IV, 1442-1483
The son of Richard, Duke of York. Father Richard was the leader of the Yorkists after his death in the war in 1460. Ascended the throne in 1461. Henry VI was reset in 1470, with the help of the French army, he defeated the Earl of Warwick and killed Henry VI at the Tower of London.
1483 Edward V, 1470-1483
The eldest son of Edward IV. In the same year as the throne, along with his brother Richard, Duke of York, were sent into the Tower of London by his regent uncle, Duke Gloucester. After that, there was no more whereabouts. The remains were discovered in 1674. Known as the “Prince in the Tower”.
1483-1485 Richard III, 1452-1485
The younger brother of Edward IV. The Duke of Gloucester. He became the regent in 1483 and succeeded after killing his nephew Edward V. Suppressed the rebellion of the Duke of Buckingham who demanded the right to inherit the throne. But in the battle with Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, he was defeated and killed because of the rebellion of his subordinate William Stanley. The York dynasty ended. Although he has a bad reputation for usurping the throne, he is very politically talented.