Where is the Giant’s Causeway?
The Giant’s Causeway is located on the Atlantic coast in the northwest of Belfast, Northern Ireland. This causeway, which is composed of tens of thousands of evenly-sized basalt columns, is one of the world’s fifteen most wonderful geomorphological phenomena. It is also one of the most amazing geomorphological phenomena in the world. The well-deserved first spot on the island.
The Giant’s Causeway is another world wonder created by nature, where more than 40,000 polygonal stone pillars are gathered, extending into the sea like a road with no end. The stone pillars are high and low, and they are scattered with each other, which is the best interpretation of the heavenly creation.
The Giant’s Dike is protected by high cliffs, divided into three types: large, middle and small dikes. Among them, the stone pillars of the middle dike are the most symmetrical. Most of the stone pillars are completely symmetrical hexagons, and a few are four-sided, five-sided, eight-sided and decagonal, with a diameter between 38 and 50 cm.
The name Giant’s Causeway comes from a piece of folklore in Ireland.
It is said that this is the legendary Irish hero Finn McCool who built this causeway in response to the challenge of the Scottish Giants. When the Scottish Giants attacked, their huge size exceeded Finn McCool’s expectations. At this time His wife had a plan to make a living-let him pretend to be his own baby, let the Scottish giant think that Finn McCool’s babies are so big, that Finn must be more burly, so he took the initiative to retreat, in order to prevent chasing soldiers, The Scottish Giants destroyed the causeway, leaving today’s Giant’s Causeway.
The Giant’s Causeway is located on the Atlantic coast about 80 kilometers northwest of Belfast, Northern Ireland. Tens of thousands of unevenly-sized basalt columns are gathered into a causeway that stretches for thousands of meters. It is regarded as a natural miracle of the world. For 300 years, geologists have studied its structure and learned that it was formed by the continuous eruption of active volcanoes in the Tertiary Period. In 1986, the “Giant’s Causeway” was listed as a World Natural Heritage.
“The Giant’s Causeway” is a famous tourist attraction in Northern Ireland. In 1986, UNESCO listed it as a World Natural Heritage. Legend has it that in ancient times the Irish giant was going to a duel with the Scottish giant, so he excavated stone pillars, filled the bottom of the sea, and paved the causeway to Scotland. The back causeway was destroyed, leaving only the current remnant.
Geologists studied the structure and found that this natural ladder was formed by the continuous eruption of active volcanoes, and the volcanic lava overflowed and crystallized many times. After being eroded by the waves, the stone pillar group is cut off at different heights, and the landform of stone pillar forest with uneven height appears. On the coast of the “Giant’s Causeway”, more than 40,000 such basalt stone pillars are arranged irregularly, stretching for several kilometers, magnificent and magnificent.
The cross-sectional width of the stone pillars that make up the Giant’s Causeway is between 37 cm and 51 cm, with a typical width of about 0.45 meters and a length of about 6000 meters. Most of these pillars are hexagonal, and there are also quadrilateral, pentagonal, heptagonal and octagonal pillars. The widest part of the headland is about 12 meters wide, and the narrowest part is only 3 or 4 meters. The highest place of the stone pillar.
Here, some stone pillars are more than 6 meters above the sea surface, and the tallest one can reach about 12 meters. The solidified lava above is about 28 cm thick. There are also stone pillars that are hidden underwater or as high as the sea.
Standing on some relatively short stones, you can see that their cross-sections are very regular regular polygons. The shapes of different stone pillars have vivid names, such as “chimney pot”, “big wine bowl” and “lady’s fan”.