Mongolian Painting Art
Mongolian art has an extremely rich art heritage from primitive society to bronze culture, from religious art, folk art and the grassland painting school of the Liao Dynasty to literati paintings since the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. This is a very important part of Mongolian studies that needs to be studied.
The Mongolian people are industrious, intelligent, and ingenious. Since ancient times, they have been good at taking local materials and performing arts in accordance with their aptitudes. They can also create folk crafts with local characteristics in accordance with the living conditions and customs of the people in the region.
Ancient Mongols often used feathers as decorations, such as inserting feathers on their aunt’s crown and hat as decoration. Use birch bark to make many daily necessities, such as various boxes. The Babur wooden bowl in daily life is also made of local wood and processed into various pen holders, pipes and other practical products with tree roots.
The herdsmen not only made felts and unfavorable aerpis themselves, but also made various practical art products for daily life. Embroidered felts, felt embroidered door curtains, various saddles, saddle cushions and saddles in daily life are all made of various raw materials bestowed by nature, or use scraps of corners and corners to make practical art in various forms and colors. crystal.
The earliest ancient Mongolian painting art was the rock paintings of nomads, mostly by folk painters. It reflects the image of people’s production and labor at that time.
The Mongolian painting art is also expressed in murals. The tombs of the Yuan Dynasty are covered with painted murals. The wall is painted with a picture of the host and the host sitting opposite each other. Behind him is a boy and a girl waiter. The figures and costumes are obviously Mongolian. The two sides of the tomb wall are painted with pictures of the life of the tomb owner, showing the natural scenery of Saibei in the background. There are also many murals in Buddhist temples in Mongolia. For example, there are large-scale murals in Meidaizhao, Dazhao, Wudangzhao, Wusutuzhao and so on.
A number of well-known painters appeared in the Mongolian nationality in the Yuan Dynasty. For example, court painter Li Huo Sun once painted portraits of ancestors such as Genghis Khan and Wo Kuotai. Yu Sweat is good at ink bamboo painting, and “Wind Smoke and Cui Tu” is a masterpiece in the painting.
The third son of Emperor Taiding, Prince Gong, was good at calligraphy and painting, and created works such as “Painting Deer” and “Painting Butterfly”. Tiemuer also first had “Landscape Mural Painting”; in the Yuan Huizong period, Bo Yan Shouren, a scholar who was good at poetry and painting, painted “Bamboo and Rock Painting” and so on. Hao Zhongnu has “No Yi Tu” and so on. Zhang Yanfu, a Mongolian painter in the late Yuan Dynasty, included “Autumn Thoughts in the South of the Yangtze River”, “Yunlin Map”, “Yunshan Map”, “Sparse Bamboo and Secluded Birds” and so on.
During the Ming Dynasty, there was Chen Xi as a painter. Qing Dynasty painter Wang Chinbal, famous paintings such as “Green Mountains” and “White Clouds”. The well-known landscape painter Bu Yan Tu, painted “Xiaoxiang Tu”, and the author “An Answer to the Mind and Method of Painting Learning”, which made incisive expositions on some important issues related to painting.
Songnian, a modern Mongolian painter, used to worship the famous painter Rushan as his teacher in the eighth year of Tongzhi in the Qing Dynasty. He was taught by famous teachers and was quite accomplished. In the twenty-third year of Guangxu, he wrote the book “On Paintings in the Summer Palace”.
Song Nian was a calligrapher and painter in the late Qing Dynasty. The surname is Ejuete, the name is Xiaomeng, and the name is Yiyuan, a Mongolian inlaid with a blue banner. Since the second year of Guangxu, he was born in Changyi, Wenshang, Boshan, Shanxian, Changqing County, Shandong Province or acting or Renzhi County .
Sexual discordance. Although he is an official, he spends his entire day in painting and calligraphy and has no intention of official career. Gong calligraphy, like to use chickens to form a family. He paints landscapes, figures, flowers, feathers, orchids, and bamboo. He is bold with pens. He likes to paint on paper and on paper. He is good at using water and is beautiful and lovely. Beginners are like Guanjiu and have a reputation for being blue. The work of remuneration in his later years would be crude; after his dismissal, Liu Yu Jinan founded the Zhenliu Painting Society, and was promoted as the “leader” and gathered with scholars for a while.
Engaged in art activities in Jinan for more than 20 years, a large number of paintings and calligraphy works remain in the folk. He wrote “On Paintings in the Summer Palace”, written by himself in the 23rd year of Guangxu. His works include “The History of Poems by Qing Painters”, “Painting Records of Eight Banners” and “Paintings of Yuyuan”.
“Yi Yuan Lun Hua” content introduction: Since Mi sacrificed a painting switch, the world knows the ancestor of writing. Cangjie made characters, which were originally written due to phonology, so there are pictographic understandings. The originator of pictographic paintings, there are characters first and then paintings, all from the beginning of the creation of characters, and its origins are ancient. However, painting is also painting, and painting is book.