What is Utrecht like
Utrecht, a city in central Holland, the capital of the province of Utrecht. An important port along the Amsterdam-Rhine Canal. Utrecht is the location of the International Industry Fair, the center of trade and culture, and the fourth largest city in the Netherlands.
Utrecht, in 47 AD, the Romans built a fortress on the Rhine River at that time to protect the mouth of the Rhine, called “Trajectum ad Rhenum” (Trajectum ad Rhenum), which is the origin of Utrecht. The fortress was originally a wooden structure, but it was changed to stone after the 2nd century. Approximately 500 Roman soldiers were stationed. There are small settlements near the fortress, inhabited by craftsmen, merchants, and soldiers’ families.
In the middle of the second century, the Germanic tribes began to invade continuously. The Romans left in 270, and the history of the city from 270 to 500 years is unknown. From the 6th century, Utrecht was ruled by the Franks.
In the Middle Ages, Utrecht was the most important city in northern Netherlands. In 695, Willibrordus was appointed as Bishop of Friesland. In 703 or 704, Pepin II gifted Utrecht to Willibrord as a base for his mission to the north. In 1122, Utrecht became a city. Since then, the Bishop of Utrecht has the administrative power of Utrecht Province and the territories further northeast.
With Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire becoming the lord of the 17 provinces of the Netherlands, in 1528, the secular administrative power of the Bishop of Utrecht was also taken over to Charles V. In 1579, the 7 northern provinces formed the Utrecht League to jointly resist Spanish rule. The founding of the League marked the beginning of the Dutch Federal Republic. In 1580, the Protestant League abolished the bishops, including the Archbishop of Utrecht.
In the 17th century, Utrecht became an important fortress on the Dutch waterways. In 1713, the Spanish Succession War ended and an armistice treaty was signed in Utrecht. In 1843, the railway connecting Amsterdam and Utrecht was opened to traffic. Utrecht gradually became the hub of the Dutch railway network. As the Industrial Revolution unfolded in the Netherlands, cities also expanded rapidly. From the 1920s to the 1930s, the emerging middle-class residential areas continued to expand.
During World War II, Utrecht was ruled by Germany. On May 5, 1945, the German troops stationed in the Netherlands surrendered. On May 7, the Canadian troops moved in and Utrecht was liberated.
Many people’s first impression of Utrecht is her ultra-modern central railway station and Hoog Catharijne shopping center. The railway station is connected to the shopping mall and has more than 180 shops. It can be said to be the largest shopping mall in the Netherlands. It has everything from restaurants, fashion clothes, etc., and this huge building faces the Jaarbeurs Conference Center and Herman Hertzberger.” s Vredenburg Music Center. The Utrecht Regional Tourist Office is also near the train station.
Utrecht has the tallest clock tower in the Netherlands-the Bishop’s Tower (Domtoren). This clock tower is not only Utrecht’s most conspicuous landmark, but also highlights the close relationship between Utrecht’s historical development and religion.
In the seventh century AD, the German emperor, whom Anglo-Saxon missionaries had been appointed to, served as the bishop of Utrecht. Because the post of bishop not only has considerable religious authority, but also has regional administrative jurisdiction. In addition to the city where the bishop lived, the nearby areas were also within the jurisdiction, and Utrecht became the power center of the entire bishop’s jurisdiction.
The city of Utrecht is the center of the Dutch railway system network and the intersection of international rail travel. It is connected to many important European business centers by high-speed trains. Schiphol International Airport, the world’s fourth busiest airport, is only a 1.5-hour drive away. The air flight to most European destinations is also within 2 hours.