Which nationality is Nanxi’s name?
Tujia folk songs have strong Tujia national characteristics and unique mountain and rural flavors, and are part of my country’s traditional culture. One of the folk songs of the Tujia nationality is facing disappearing situation, it is-Nanxi chant.
The origin of Nanxi chants can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty. It was produced during the Qing Dynasty. It is a chant that has been passed down from generation to generation in order to relieve fatigue by the working people in the labor process.
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the boat was commanded by Jian Weng drumming, and the rhythm was unified. In the middle of the Qing Dynasty, trumpets gradually emerged and specialized trumpet heads were produced.
Nanxi horn was born in Wuling Mountain. Covering an area of about 100,000 square kilometers, the Wuling Mountain area, which spans the four provinces and cities of Chongqing, Hubei, Hunan, and Guizhou, is the main settlement area of the Tujia nationality in China. The mountains and ravines here are endless. For thousands of years, the Jingchu culture and Ba culture Various cultures, such as the Central Plains culture, collide and blend here, and more than 10 ethnic groups such as Tujia, Miao, Han, Dong and others live and multiply here, forming a rich soil for folk songs.
The embryonic form of Nanxi chants are the labor chants and folk songs chants of Tujia farmers who relieved their lack of energy in their work, similar to the grass gongs and drums.
In the process of singing for a long time, Nanxi chants gradually developed into a special variety of folk songs of its own. It is not only different from the surrounding Chuanjiang chants and tracker chants, but also different from other chants widely sung in the Wuling Mountains. Labor chants and folk song chants.
The lyrics of Nanxi Haozi are mostly improvised, but their tone and singing method are relatively fixed. There are more than ten kinds of singing voice, including Dabanqiang, Jiudaoguai, Santai Sound, Shaotai, Nanhe Horn, Trumpet Horn and so on.
The basic singing method is as follows: one person leads the voice, two or three people pretend to be screaming (namely shouting high pitch), three or more people shouting the low voice, and everyone helps the voice, thus forming a high school low voice response to each other, melodious and agitated in the mountains and wilds. singing.
A horn is usually 4 sentences, a sentence is 7 characters, and there are a lot of supplementary words in the middle. For example, “The new boater goes to Yudu. Yudu has two couples, who gave birth to her daughter-in-law and one foot five; when Liu Yaomei gave birth to the land, she went round and round to pick up the matchmaker, and Yaomei was still in her mother’s arms.”
There are generally no less than 7 people shouting. A trumpet consists of four sentences and a sentence with seven characters. There are a lot of supplementary words in the middle. The lyrics include improvised mountain slang, as well as history, geography, folklore and other aspects. The subject matter is also extremely rich and diverse, especially the Lianba verse is a rare minor genre in the original ecological folk songs of the Wuling mountainous area.
Representative works of Nanxi horns include “Nine Daoguai”, “Santai Sound”, “Thorn Horn”, “South River Horn” and so on.
The specificity of Nanxi chants is the remains of the Tujia national music culture. It is deeply loved by the people. Its content involves Tujia history, geography, and folklore. It conveys many cultural messages that have died out. It is one of the folk song chants. This original ecological special genre has the artistic value of absorbing excellent traditions and developing national music.