What is the Mongolian costume like
Mongolian costumes are also called Mongolian gowns, which mainly include robes, belts, boots, and jewelry. However, there are differences in styles due to different regions. Mongolian costumes have strong grassland style characteristics, mainly gowns, which are convenient for pommel horse riding.
Because the Mongolians have long lived in the northern Saibei grasslands, the Mongolians love to wear long robes, regardless of whether they are men or women. In pastoral areas, winter clothes are mostly plain leather, but there are also satin and cotton clothes. Summer clothes are more cloth types. The robe is fat, with long sleeves, and is mostly red, yellow, and dark blue. The hem of the male and female robes is not slit. Red and green silk and satin are used as belts.
The origin of Mongolian costumes can be traced back to the distant prehistoric period. As far back as the Paleolithic Age, humans began to decorate themselves with plant leaves, and later used hunted animal skins to make clothes.
In the petroglyphs of the northern nomads, it can be seen that the ancient humans of the Mongolian Plateau wear a short animal skin skirt around their waists, with long feathers on their heads, and some buttocks with tail ornaments. Moreover, there have been a large number of rough stone rings, bone decorations and other items, indicating that the northern nomads had aesthetic intentions and pursuits a long time ago.
According to archaeological data, the costumes of the Mongolian nationality are in the same line as the costumes of the nomads in northern China. According to the “Han Shu · The Biography of the Huns”, the headwear of the Huns who “eat animals” and wear “felt fur” is very similar to the headwear of Chahar women, and the costume culture of the Huns was passed on to Xianbei and Rouran. Of course, northern nomads such as, Turks, etc. were also passed to the Mongolian. And a common feature of these national costumes is that they are adapted to the plateau climate.
The costumes of the Mongolian nationality have their own aesthetic characteristics. The Mongolian nationality especially prefers bright and bright colors. These colors make people feel bright and entertaining. The Mongolian people also admire some pure and bright colors such as white and sky blue. Blue sky and white clouds, green grass and red clothes, a kind of natural harmony. In addition, judging from the styles of Mongolian national costumes, praise clothing belts can not only reflect the curvaceous beauty of the human body, but also reflect the generous, rugged and magnanimous personality of Mongolian herdsmen.
The Mongolians live on the Mongolian plateau. The climate is cold and they are mainly nomadic. They can move for a long time. Therefore, their clothing must have a strong cold-proof effect and be easy to ride. Long robes, waistcoats, leather hats and boots are natural. Their preferred clothing.
Mongolian national costumes are an inseparable part of Mongolian traditional culture. From ancient times to the Mongolian khanate, from Yuan, Ming and Qing, with the development of history, the Mongolian people of the past dynasties have exerted their wisdom and talents in their long-term life and production practices, and continuously absorbed the essence of brothers’ national costumes, and gradually improved and enriched them. In terms of the types, styles, fabrics and colors of their traditional costumes, and sewing techniques, they have created many exquisite costumes, which have added a splendid brilliance to the costume culture of the Chinese nation.
Types of clothing
The name of Mongolian clothing is Mongolian gown, which mainly includes robes, belts, boots, jewelry, etc. However, there are differences in styles due to different regions.
Men’s belts are often hung with knives, fire sickles, snuff boxes and other accessories. Like to wear soft cowhide boots, which grow to the knees. Farmers often wear common clothes, such as slit gowns, cotton-padded clothes, etc. In winter, they often wear felt boots and high boots are rare. Keep the custom of waist tie. Most men wear blue and dark brown hats, and some people wrap their heads with silk. Women usually wrap their heads with red and blue turbans, and wear conical hats like men in winter. The unmarried woman separates her hair from the front and the middle, and tie two roots with two large round beads on the roots, the hair is slightly drooping, and is decorated with agate, coral, jasper, etc. There is also a more distinctive Mongolian wrestling suit.
Inner Mongolia has a vast territory, with different natural environments, economic conditions, and living habits, and various distinctive and colorful costumes have been formed. Dozens of costumes such as Balhu, Buryat, Horqin, Ujumqin, Sunite, Chahar, Ordos, Urad, Turyite, Heshuote, etc. They are generally consistent in style and each has its own characteristics. The basic shape is a robe, with slits on both sides of the hem or in the middle, and the sleeve ends are horseshoe sleeves. Married women’s gowns also have waistcoats of different styles, long and short.
The biggest difference among Mongolian tribes’ costumes is women’s headdress. For example, the Mongolian women’s headgear of the Barhu tribe is argali style, the Mongolian women’s headgear of the Horqin tribe is a hairpin combination, and the Mongolian headgear of the Heshuote tribe is a simple and simple double-bead hair set. The Ordos Mongolian women’s headgear is the most prominent The characteristics are the big hair sticks on both sides and the pendants with agate, jade and other gemstone beads, making the Ordos headdress the best in all parts of Mongolia.
Take women’s robes as an example. The Mongolians in Horqin and Harqin areas are influenced by the Manchus. They usually wear robes that are wide and straight to the heel. The sides are split, and the collars and cuffs are used to welt the collar and cuffs. The Mongolians in the Xilin Gol grassland wear them Mongolian robe with fat, narrow sleeves and borders without splits; Buryat women wear long robes with waist skirts and shoulders; Erdos women’s robes are divided into three pieces, the first is a close-fitting, the sleeves are as long as the wrist, and the second is It is a coat with sleeves as long as elbows, and the third collarless waistcoat is nailed with a row of flashing buttons; while the Mongolians in Qinghai wear robes that are similar to Tibetan robes.
With the exception of Qinghai, men’s clothing varies little from place to place. In spring and autumn, he wears a jacket, a single robe in summer, and a cotton or leather robe in winter. The Mongolian people usually wear cloth clothes, and they usually wear brocade-lined silk and satin clothes during festivals or celebrations. Men’s clothing is mostly blue and brown, while women’s clothing like to use red, pink, green, and sky blue.
Mongolian men wear long robes and waistbands, women’s sleeves are embroidered with lace patterns, and their tops are high-collared, which looks similar to the Han. Women like to wear three clothes of different lengths. The first is a close-fitting shirt with sleeves as long as the wrists, the second outerwear with sleeves as long as the elbows, and the third is a collarless waistcoat with straight flashing buttons, which is particularly eye-catching. .
The belt is an important part of Mongolian costumes and is made of silk or cotton cloth with a length of three or four meters. Men’s belts are often hung with knives, fire sickles, snuff boxes and other accessories.
Mongolian boots are divided into leather boots and cloth boots. Mongolian boots have fine workmanship and exquisite patterns on the uppers. According to the change of seasons, there are several kinds of leather boots, cloth boots and felt boots. Leather boots are mostly made of cowhide, horseskin, and sheepskin, which are durable, waterproof and cold resistant. The styles of the boots are rolled up, half-rolled, flat-bottomed non-rolled, pointed, and round.
Cloth boots are mostly made of cloth and velveteen fabrics, most of which are mid-kun and short-kun. The uppers are embroidered with patterns, which are light, soft, comfortable and beautiful.
Felt boots are mostly made of wool and camel hair, which are warm and wear-resistant, and are generally worn in the middle of winter. According to the height of the boots, Mongolian boots are divided into high, middle and short.
Leather boots generally use special techniques to roll and paste the required patterns, such as two dragons playing beads, jewels, bats, moire, key patterns, grass patterns, swans, butterflies, flowers, etc., on the boots or the uppers of the boots. The uppers and boots of cloth boots are mostly embroidered or patched with exquisite patterns.
There are seven or eight styles of Mongolian boots that are popular among the folks, mainly including military-like boots (big board-pointed), ground-grabbing tiger, soap-like boots (egg head), Wujian (chao boots), Daxian boots, and three-arm boots. (Small board tip), Eight Treasure Boots (Children’s Boots), Leather Riding Boots (Gao Keng, Half Keng), Cloth Embroidered Boots (Half Keng).
It is Mongolian custom to wear jewelry and hats. Hats in various regions also have local characteristics. Mongolian hats in Inner Mongolia and Qinghai have high tops and flat sides, and the lining is made of white felt. The outer edges are decorated with leather or the felt is dyed purple-green for decoration. It is thick in winter and thin in summer. The top of the hat is decorated with tassels, and the strap is silk, which can be worn by both men and women. In Hulunbuir’s Barhu and Buryatia Mongolia, men wear shawl hats and women wear pointed hats with overturned brim. Use precious raw materials such as agate, jade, coral, pearl, silver and so on to make Mongolian jewelry rich and luxurious.