What are the characteristics of the Yang Family Ancestral Hall in Fenghuang Ancient City, China
Yang Family Ancestral Hall, at the entrance of Shijia Lane on Beibian Street (The Yang Family in Fenghuang County is a descendant of the Yang Family General. His ancestors are Yang Ye-Yang Yanzhao-Yang Wenguang-Yang Banghuai. The three brothers of Yang Ye VIII Sun Yang Shenglong led troops to conquer the Phoenix Miaoren He Che rebelled, so his descendants then lived in Phoenix).
The gate of the Yang Family’s ancestral hall is different from ordinary ancestral halls. It opens sideways, which is strange. It turns out that the Yang family believes in Fengshui, and the gate is slanted open, facing the Tuojiang River, which can make the ancestral industry flourish and prosper forever, such as the continuous water supply of the Tuojiang River.
Entering the gate, you can see the bull’s head on the double gate and the wood carving of bats on the gate. The bull head is a worship object of Xiangxi people, used to ward off evil spirits and protect peace; bats bring blessings and auspiciousness.
The Yang Family Ancestral Hall, with wooden structure, two floors above and below, consists of a gate, a stage, a hall, a gallery and a main hall, covering an area of 770 square meters. The stage is opposite the main hall, with single eaves on the top of the mountain, under the eaves decorated with Ruyi Dou Gong, 16 meters high, four pillars carved with dragons and phoenixes.
Legend has it that the Yang surname in Phoenix City is the descendant of Zhonglie Yangmen of the Great Song Dynasty, so in the middle of the stage is the colorful painting of “Mother Yang’s Teaching Son”, which is lifelike, with the big characters “Three Passes of Megatron” written on it, and there are two doors at the back. The actors enter and exit, with the words “out of the general” and “in the phase” respectively, which demonstrates the Yang family’s pride in “outcoming the general and entering the phase”. There are penthouses and backstages on both sides of the stage, which are exclusively for the performers to put on makeup and rest.
There is a group of wooden sculptures in front of and above the stage, depicting a pair of young men and women in free love, breaking through many obstacles, and then happily uniting together, living the rural life of male farming and female weaving, and finally full of children and grandchildren to spend their old age.
In front of the stage is a small patio covering an area of 40 square meters, covered with red sandstones. Now there is a Miao sedan chair stopped, and the woman goes up and sits, feeling that the bride is embarrassed and happy. The Yang Family Ancestral Hall used to be a public place for listening to books and watching operas in Phoenix. Especially during festivals, Nuotang opera was staged to entertain the gods and exorcise evil spirits.
Phoenix celebrities such as Huang Yongyu often watched theaters here when they were young, and stayed back and forth, while the elders of the clan watched on the promenades on both sides of the second floor. When singing, the gongs and drums are noisy, lively and extremely lively.
The corridors on both sides of the room are also very delicate in workmanship, and the windows, doors, and eaves are all hollowed out and carved. In the past, there were weddings and weddings in the family. For birthdays or important gatherings, they would eat in the gallery. Today, it has become a small exhibition hall for the daily necessities and handicrafts of the Miao nationality.
In a corridor room, there is a wedding bed on display. The eaves of the bed are like dripping eaves of a stilt building. When Miao women get married, they have the tradition of crying for marriage. Tears are like streams of water, so they are called dripping beds. The bed was also very small and could not accommodate adults at all-it turned out that Miao women used to be very small when they got married. There is also a big bed in the next room, with exquisite craftsmanship and rich carvings. The bed canopy has three floors. If you are a rich man, the bed can be as many as ten floors.
The Miao people believe that 12 is an auspicious number, and festivals such as “April 8th” and “June 6th”. Therefore, 12 caps are also displayed here, which embodies the infinite yearning for a better life in the future.
Various farm tools with Miao characteristics, sandstone paintings, paper-cutting, flower bands, tie-dyeing and batik are all displayed here. The long-standing Chu Wu culture and Wu Nuo culture can be seen in the blending of indigenous cultures with local characteristics. Spotlight. “The small back basket swayed, and my mother carried me off the Diaojiaolou in laughter.” Song Zuying’s song “Little Back Basket” by Miao Girl Song Zuying.
Main Hall: The main hall is a beam-lifting style, with a rectangular patio and cobblestone floor. It is very particular. It is a memorial temple and meeting place for the Yang clan. It is filled with cigarettes and is solemn and mysterious. It is daunting.
There are three murals painted in sequence in the front: the lion rolls the hydrangea, the carp jumps into the dragon gate and the unicorn gives off the child, implying that the family is prosperous and prosperous. The memorial tablet of the ancestors of the Yang family is enshrined in the middle. On both sides there is the family motto of the Yang family, “The ancestors are far-reaching, and descendants should not use them for them.”
In other words, the Yang family’s reputation has been known for generations, so children and grandchildren must not discredit their ancestors! In the past, the ancestral hall was a place where the family discussed and enforced law and was also a place of sacrifice. Sacrificial ceremonies were held regularly every year. At that time, the tribesmen gathered in the ancestral hall, offering three sacrifices, performing three salutes, firing iron cannons, and playing ritual music. The ceremony was very grand.
The Yang Family Ancestral Hall is exquisitely designed and the murals are lifelike. The overall building has distinct national characteristics and architectural artistic value. It has become the most characteristic architectural model in the important town of Xiangxi.