How was Ethiopia under the rule of Emperor Selassie
Italy was forced to recognize Ethiopia’s independence under the leadership of Menlinik II, but the good times did not last long and Menlinik II died. So Haier Selassie became the emperor and governed Ethiopia.
Haile Selassie was named regent in 1916, and he became king in 1928. He was crowned Emperor Haile Selassie I on November 2, 1930. In 1936, Italy invaded, occupied Addis Ababa, conquered Ethiopia, and Selassie went into exile in London, England. The Allied forces defeated Italy in 1941, and on May 5 of the same year, Selassie I returned to the country and was reset. He stepped down after a domestic coup in 1974.
Haile Selassie I (English: Haile Selassie I, July 23, 1892-August 27, 1975), the last emperor and regent of the Ethiopian Empire, was born in a noble family in Shoa, southern Ethiopia. Formerly known as Li Tafari Makonan, he has titles such as “the 225th successor of King Solomon and Queen of Sheba”, “the lion of the Jewish tribe”, and “the special envoy of God”.
In 1916, the royal council appointed Zodi, the daughter of Emperor Menelik, as the queen, and elected Selassie as the regent. Selassie used his privileges to more actively promote innovative activities . In 1924, he presided over another edict that partially abolished slavery . But his reform proposal was opposed by conservatives represented by the elderly queen.
Haier Selassie divided the army into the emperor’s guard army and the army under the jurisdiction of each province ; the provincial army was divided into regular army and local army. While sending young soldiers to France, Italy, Belgium and other countries to learn military technology, they also hire foreign military missions to train their own troops. The Royal Guards were trained by Belgian instructors, and a military academy was established in 1934, with Swedish officers in charge of training. An airfield was built in Addis Ababa, a small air force was established, and Belgian consultants were hired to train pilots. The newly implemented conscription system guarantees the source of soldiers. After several years of construction, Ethiopia has an army of more than 200,000 people. Among them, the Royal Guards have received modern combat training and have strong combat effectiveness.
After the 1916 coup d’état, Zoditu, the daughter of Menlinic II, was supported as queen and served as crown prince and regent. Visited Europe in April 1924 and made the Ethiopian Empire join the League of Nations. In order to fight against the forces of Italy, Britain, and France, get close to the United States and Japan. In 1935, he led the army and civilians to fight against the fascist kingdom of Italy under Mussolini. In 1936, he went into exile in London, England, calling on the League of Nations and Western powers to stop the fascist aggression. In 1942, he returned with the British army.
After the Second World War, the African Union had a very good diplomatic performance, but because of the continued dictatorship of the monarchy, many contradictions gradually emerged in the domestic and internal affairs. In 1960, an attempted military coup d’etat to support the crown prince occurred. The high oil prices caused by the severe domestic famine and the closure of the Suez Canal in 1970 plunged people’s lives into crisis. The hoarding of food by part of the ruling class has made the rural areas starve to death. When Ethiopian society fell into chaos, the emperor not only failed to deal with the fact that he also tried to cover up the famine, which caused international terror.
Civil war finally broke out in Ethiopia in 1973, because a photo of the emperor feeding raw meat from a pet lion in the palace came out, causing serious dissatisfaction among the people suffering from famine. On the morning of September 12, 1974, Haile Selassie I was arrested in the palace by the army troops of the coup and announced his abdication.