How did the Ethiopian Empire perish
The Ethiopian Empire is the predecessor of what is now Ethiopia and has a long history. The Ethiopian Empire still existed during World War II, even if it was already very dilapidated. In 1960, the commander of the Royal Guard launched a coup and the Ethiopian Empire was destroyed.
On the evening of December 13, 1960, taking advantage of Haile Selassie’s visit abroad, the Revolutionary Committee headed by the commander of the Royal Guard, Brigadier General Mengistu Neway, finally launched a coup. They trapped and detained the Crown Prince Asfa Watson, the Minister of Defense Abebe Alagai, the Minister of Finance, the Secretary of the Interior, the Superintendent of Police and other high-ranking officials. The Duke of Mulu was also arrested.
The Revolutionary Committee issued an announcement to the outside world on December 14, declaring Prince Asfa Watson as the new emperor and the Prime Minister of the new Ethiopian democratic government as the Duke of Imru. The coup forces took over the telephone office, the telegraph office, the radio station, the National Bank, and the Ministry of Finance were taken over by the coup forces. Armored vehicles guarded the embassy area and major intersections.
However, the coup soldiers did not detain the Archbishop Basilios, nor did they detain the deputy speaker of the Senate, Marquis Aslat Casa and some military generals. After the coup broke out, Haile Selassie immediately suspended his visit to Brazil, flew to Sudan via Liberia, and quickly got in touch with the anti-government leaders. Under the joint offensive of the First Army Division and the Air Force, the coup was crushed on December 16.
On December 17, Haier Selassie returned to the capital. Brigadier General Mengistu Neway was severely wounded and hanged after the trial; the body of his brother Garmam Neway was hung outside St. George’s Cathedral for public display. Many people suspected of being involved in the Revolutionary Committee were arrested. The Mengistu coup finally broke a backwater in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Empire is becoming more and more reactionary, and the dissatisfaction aroused more and more. Many intellectuals moved toward the opposite of monarchy and Christianity, and began to earnestly study Marxism and Mao Zedong Thought.
In May 1963, under the advocacy of Emperor Haile Selassie and his early admirers Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya and Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, etc., in Addis Ababa The African summit was held and the Organization of African Unity (oau) was established on May 25. Ethiopia has distanced itself from South Africa and its 400-year-old traditional ally Portugal, and was forced to alienate Israel to avoid offending those who hold anti-Semitism. The position of North African Muslim countries.
In February 1974, the Ethiopian nation’s long-standing anxiety about the old order finally broke out. Students went on strike, workers went on strike, and finally even the army joined in, and large-scale mutinies took place across the country.
September 11, 1974 is the Ethiopian New Year, and many people celebrate the arrival of 1967 in the Ethiopian calendar at home. The next morning, they were surprised to find that there were soldiers everywhere on the street. Tanks and armored personnel carriers were guarding various strategic positions in Addis Ababa. Carriage of soldiers came from the fourth division station in the southeastern suburbs of the city. Set off, scattered across the city, cloth strips with “ethiopia tikdem” (Ethiopia above all else) wrapped around their heads.
There are jeeps parked in front of banks, government agencies and other important departments with machine guns mounted on them. On the morning of September 12, 10 officers went to the Golden Jubilee Palace, heavily guarded by tanks and machine guns. They informed Emperor Haile Selassie I, who reigned for 44 years, that he had been deposed by the military council.
They declared Ethiopia to be a “socialist country” in December 1974, implementing the full “nationalization” of land, financial institutions, and industry. In March of the following year, the Ethiopian monarchy with a history of thirty centuries was formally abolished.
On August 28, 1975, the Military Commission announced to the whole country that the 83-year-old Emperor Haile Selassie I died in his sleep “due to illness” the night before. According to the person’s later recollection, Haier Selassie was smothered to death by a blanket, and Colonel Mengistu and several of his close associates watched the tragedy calmly. The Temporary Military Commission adopted a pro-Soviet policy.