Why Abyssinia changed its name to Ethiopia
The Ethiopian Empire, also known as Abyssinia, is a country with a long history and frequent turbulence. In the 1930s, Mussolini and De Bono created dissatisfaction and chaos in the Politburo and Intelligence Bureau in Abyssinia, inciting sentiments against the central government in various regions.
The Italians merged Abyssinia, Eritrea, and Italian Somalia into a huge colony, which they called “Africa Orientale Italiana” (aoi for short). The entire area is divided into six provinces. The governor lives in the ancient Grand Palace. Addis Ababa is divided into “indigenous areas” and “colonial areas.” Some places in the city have Italian names, some It has even been used in contemporary times, such as “Piazza” (piazza) and “People’s Building” (casa popularr).
Faced with riots and guerrilla attacks throughout the empire, by November 1937, Italy was finally forced to admit that their high-pressure policy in Abyssinia had failed. Graziani was transferred from Addis Ababa, and the tall and handsome Prince Amadeo di Savoy, Duke of Aosta, became the new Italian governor of East Africa. He changed the terrorist policy of his predecessor, closed the concentration camps, and began to implement policies in Abyssinia to develop the economy, resettle farmers, and appease and win over the locals.
In the short period of five years from 1936 to 1941, Italy’s investment in Abyssinia was unmatched by any colonial country in the history of African colonization, reaching 24 billion lire. They brought new technologies, made some new urban plans for Addis Ababa, built some new hospitals, schools, and office buildings, installed street lights, opened running water, and promoted public transportation. There are similar plans in Gundal and Jima.
But in general, Abyssinia is a hugely expensive and very low-profit colony for Italy.
After the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, the Abyssinians in exile were anxiously watching the developments in Britain and Italy. When Italy finally declared war on Britain and France in June 1940, they breathed a sigh of relief. Abyssinia already has a strong ally. And just like confession before death, the dying League of Nations also withdrew its recognition of its annexation of Abyssinia.
On February 25, 1941, Commonwealth forces captured Mogadishu. The Italians kept retreating in the face of the British offensive. When the Nigerian forces occupied Harald, they were cut into two parts, a small part of which was huddled in British Somalia, ready to surrender, and a large part of the Italians and their allegiance entrenched in the main Abyssinian In cities and fortresses. On April 5th, Commonwealth troops arrived at Akaki, a southern suburb of Addis Ababa, and entered Addis Ababa the next day.
On May 5, 1941, on the day of the fifth anniversary of Badoglio’s entry into Addis Ababa, Emperor Haile Selassie’s motorcade drove down Entoto Mountain along the ancient road, and was in the St. Mary’s Church. The matter stayed and then entered Addis Ababa. Emperor Haile Selassie delivered an exciting speech, announcing that “this day is the beginning of a new era in Ethiopian history”. In order to express the difference from the past history, the emperor announced that the name of the country would be changed to a more solemn