What are the achievements and contributions of Guo Jia
“Talent strategy and strategy, the wonder of the world” is the historical book’s evaluation of Guo Jia, and Cao Cao called him his “wonder”. So what kind of achievements did Guo Jia, who received such a high evaluation, have made? Guo Jia went through four stages in his life.
The first stage: knowing the Lord with insight, no matter high or low. In the troubled times of the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Yuan brothers were regarded as the biggest vassals at that time. Even with the prestige and fame of the four generations and three grandpas, Yuan Shao’s power at this time is even more powerful. But Guo Jia stayed with Yuan Shao for 10 days, and he saw that Yuan Shao was nameless, indecisive, and difficult to accomplish great things. He resolutely left Yuan Shao, and even bluntly told Guo Tu and Fengji, Yuan Shao’s counsellors, that Yuan Shao could not make a big deal. (However, according to Guo Tu Fengji’s nature, it is possible that he only said that Guo Jia received Yuan Shao’s high courtesy, and said so on purpose).
In the 6 years of leisure at home, Yuan Shao’s power has become stronger every day, as if everything is proving that Guo Jia’s judgment is wrong. However, Guo Jia did not sink because of this. Instead, he studied the world’s heroes more diligently, waiting for the master, to show his ambition.
The second stage: have to meet the master and become a confidant. After the death of military master Xi Zhicai, Cao Cao asked Xun Yu to recommend a new military commander, and Xun Yu recommended Guo Jia. After the exchange, Cao Cao believed that Guo Jia was the one who helped him accomplish great things, and Guo Jia also believed that Cao Cao was his true master. Cao Cao then named Guo Jia a military master’s wine, and Guo Jia worked on military master’s wine for 11 years until his death.
Although the military master Jijiu official position is not high, he is close to Cao Cao, and things are not cumbersome. The two often get in and out of the same car. Chen Qun has written many times to report that Guo Jia’s behavior is unruly. Although Cao Cao rewarded Chen Qun, he did not punish Guo Jia. Later he even married his daughter to Guo Jia. It can be seen that Cao Cao loves Guo Jia.
When Liu Bei was defeated by Cao Cao, he proposed to take Liu Bei in, but Liu Bei could not be placed under house arrest (actually equivalent to house arrest). However, Cao Cao easily killed the frontier in Yanzhou before, causing Chen Gong and others to defect to Lu Bu and lose the Yanzhou base camp. So I only listened to the first half sentence and didn’t listen to the second half sentence. It made Liu Bei escape successfully and eventually became a major disaster for Cao Wei.
Cao Cao attacked Lu Bu in Xuzhou. Lu Bu had already been defeated and retreated to Xiapi City. Xiapi is easy to defend and difficult to attack. Cao’s army has been fighting for many days, and the army’s mind begins to lose weight. Cao Cao wants to retreat. Guo Jia used the example of Emperor Xiang Yu of the Chu Kingdom and Liu Bang, the emperor of the Han Dynasty, to show that those who have the courage and insidious will lose ground once they fail. And if he didn’t win Lu Bu at this time, Lu Bu would take refuge in Yuan Shao. Yuan Shao’s influence will be stronger. So Cao Cao made up his mind and finally took down Picheng in one fell swoop and punished Lu Bu. Xuzhou City is also in the bag.
The third stage: the battle of Guandu, shines brightly. In the past, Cao Cao first stated the ten victories and ten defeats, which increased the confidence of Cao Cao’s camp in defeating Yuan Shao. Later, he proposed to attack Yuan Shao and attack Liu Bei first. It is predicted that Sun Ce will be killed by the assassin, and it will not be a big worry, and Sun Ce really died before the battle of Guandu. Yuan Shao’s power was several times stronger than Cao Cao’s.
At this time, Cao Jun had no confidence in defeating Yuan Jun. Xun Yu proposed the theory of four wins and four defeats, pointing out that Yuan Jun was not invincible. Later, Guo Jia put forward a more comprehensive theory of ten wins and ten defeats, making a comprehensive comparison between Yuan Shao and Cao Cao in military, political, institutional, and moral aspects. In the end, Cao Jun strengthened his confidence in defeating Yuan Shao.
Cao Cao confronted Yuan Shao in Guandu. Cao Cao wanted to destroy Liu Bei first, but he was afraid that Yuan Shao’s army would go straight to Xuchang. At this time, Guo Jia pointed out that Liu Bei would be unstable if he did not remove the rear, and Yuan Shao was determined and would not act rashly. When Cao Cao defeated Liu Bei. Liu Bei went to seek refuge in Yuan Shao, and Yuan Shao did not move. As for Liu Biao, he also adopted a wait-and-see attitude and did not help each other. At this time, Cao Cao’s rear had settled down. Begin to confront Yuan Shao with peace of mind.
The fourth stage: After Yuan Shao’s death, Cao Cao attacked the two brothers Yuan Tan and Yuan Shang by victory. Although they have been victorious, they have little effect. Guo Jia believes that the two brothers are now in one place and it is difficult to capture them. As long as we evacuate first and pretend to attack Liu Biao, then the two of them will inevitably fight for the territory. At this time, we will fight back again, and the big thing can be determined. So Cao Cao obeyed Guo Jia’s suggestion, and it was decided by the first battle.
At this time, the two brothers Yuan Tan and Yuan Shang fled to Wuhuan, and after many months of fighting, the army was already exhausted. If Liaodong continues to be suppressed at this time, there is a risk that Liu Bei will use Liu Biao’s forces to help sneak an attack on Xuchang.
Guo Jiali rejects all arguments. He believed that Er Yuan’s morale had been lost at this time, and Liu Biao was cautious and did not trust Liu Bei. Surely he would not easily borrow soldiers and horses to Liu Bei. On the other hand, if Er Yuan is not annihilated at this time, it will inevitably be a major disaster (after all, Er Yuan is the original owner of Jizhou and other places, and when he shouts, someone will inevitably follow). So Cao Cao led the army and finally put down Wuhuan, but Liu Biao did not send troops from start to finish.
After the war, Guo Jia died due to reasons such as unacceptable water and soil. After Guo Jia’s death, Cao Cao did not set up military masters to sacrifice wine. Although Guo Jia only lived to be 38 years old and his official position was not high, his foresight really surprised everyone. If his lifespan is long enough, he might be able to make the Three Kingdoms situation more exciting.