Where is the capital of Western Zhou Dynasty

Luoyi was the ancient name of Luoyang, the capital of the Zhou Dynasty. Zhougong operated Luoyi, because it was in the earth and the princes were in all directions, so Luoyi was established as the capital of the capital. It was one of the largest cities in the world at that time. “Shangshu” called “Tuzhong”, “Luoshi”, “Luoyi”, “Xinyiluo” and “Dongguoluo”. He Zun’s inscriptions say “Cheng Zhou”, “China”, “Wangcheng” and so on. There are two capitals of Zhou Dynasty Chengzhou City and Wangcheng on both sides of Zhangshui River in Luoyi.

Luoyi was the place where Zhou Wu ruled the Central Plains, and the place where Zhou Cheng was “home to China”. The king of Zhou Wu moved to Jiuding, Zhou Gong made Taiping, and the camp took Luoyi as its capital for Cheng Zhou. After King Wu succeeded in defeating Zhou, he set about establishing a new capital in the center of the country, establishing the Zhou Dynasty in 1046 BC. Two years later, King Wu died of illness and King Zhou Cheng succeeded to the throne. Then, Zhou Gong was ordered to conquer the rebellion and build the capital into Zhoucheng.

In the Western Zhou Dynasty, the Wangcheng (Luoyi) was the ancestral temple palace area of ​​the Zhou Dynasty, and Chengzhou City was the residential area of ​​the Yin survivors. During the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, King Zhou Ping moved his capital to Luoyi, and the “Prince Rebellion” occurred at the time of King Zhou Jing.

The construction of Chengzhou City is recorded in detail in “Shang Shu”, “Yi Zhou Shu”, “Historical Records” and the unearthed inscriptions of He Zun of Zhou Dynasty. These essays summarized the guiding ideology of capital construction during the Shang and Zhou dynasties, namely: the capital was mainly politically functioning, and was the tool used by the emperor Zhou to obtain political power and implement political rule. Therefore, the location of the capital must be chosen in the center of the world. The emperor wants to govern all the people in the world from the central area of ​​the world. The site selection and construction of Luoyi as the capital of Zhou Dynasty is the most successful embodiment and practice of this kind of city building thought during the Shang and Zhou Dynasties.


The king of Wu ruled out business and established the Zhou Dynasty, which was called the Western Zhou Dynasty in history. In the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty, in order to control the vast territory of the Eastern Central Plains where the remnants of the Yin and Shang dynasties were widely distributed, King Wu of Zhou considered building a new capital in the area of ​​Luoyang, Henan. , Zhou Gongzheng. In order to fulfill the last wish of King Wu to build the Eastern Capital, and more importantly, to consolidate the power of the early Zhou Dynasty, and achieve the goal of establishing the world in order to manage the Quartet, Zhou Gong set out to build the Eastern Capital in Luoyi after the Eastern Expedition.

After the death of King Zhou Wu, King Zhou Cheng came to the throne, and the regent of Zhou Gong, following the intention of King Wu of Zhou, built the two cities of “Wangcheng” and “Chengzhou” in Luoyi. Luoyi was officially established as the capital.

In order to manage the East, Zhou Gong built two cities in the north of Luoshui, the east and the west of Qianshui, collectively called Luoyi. This is where the Yin immigrants moved. Between Jianshui and Yanshui is the area where Zhou people live, and to the east of Yanshui is the area where Yin people live.

Luoyi, also known as Cheng Zhou, was the seat of the capital of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty. After King Wu of Zhou extinguished Shang Dynasty, he set about establishing a new capital in the “House of Summer”. “Book of Yi Zhou·Duyi” recorded the scene of King Wu when he chose the site in detail. The process of “Shangshu. Zhaogao” calling the public house. “Shangshu. Luogao” records the event of Zhou Gongying becoming Zhou.

“Zuo Zhuan·Xuangong Three Years” contains: “Cheng Wang set the tripod in Jiarong (now Luoyang, Henan).”

“Historical Records” volume forty tenth Chu family: “The former king set the tripod in Jiarong, the divination period was thirty, and the divination year was seven hundred, and the heavens commanded it.”

“The History of Han Geography” contains: “Henan, therefore Jia formulates the land. The king of Zhou Wu moved to Jiuding, Zhou Gong made Taiping, and the camp was regarded as the capital. It was the royal city and the residence of the Zhiping king.”

The Luoyi built by Zhou Gong was called “Chengzhou” or “Xinyi”. “Zuoluojie” records: “Hori Fang Qianqibai two zhang, Yu Fang Qiqili. I think the world’s largest pool”, “set the Qiu Zhao in the southern suburbs, and build a large community in the middle of the country.” The main buildings in the city include Taimiao, Zongmiao (Wen Wang Temple), Kao Gong (Wu Wang Temple), Lu Jing, Mingtang and other “five palaces”. The architectural structures of these palaces and ancestral temples are all in the styles of “Four Ah, Fanli, Chongkang, Chonglang, Chang Lei, Fu Ge, Algae Tax, Set Move, Travelling, and Painting Travel”, etc. There are also “inner stage, mysterious stage” in the city. , Tetang, Yingmen, Kutai, Xuanzhen” and other different passages.