“Chemical castration” belongs to endocrine therapy, also known as medical castration. The super-active LHRH analogue (LHRH A) made of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone can stimulate the pituitary gland to release luteinizing hormone (LH) in the early stage of medication, so that the LHRH receptors of the pituitary gland are down-regulated, and the receptors are reduced. On the contrary, it inhibits LH Release, the production of testosterone is reduced, and finally testosterone drops to the castration level, which has a similar effect to surgical castration. It is called medical castration, which is also a standard endocrine treatment for prostate cancer.
Chemical castration is also used in some countries to combat sex offenders in this way, that is, using endocrine control drugs or hormones on sex offenders to suppress their sexual impulse, but not to incapacitate them.
The applicable objects of “chemical castration” are limited to repeat offenders and repeat offenders. According to South Korea’s laws passed in 2011, all prisoners who sexually assault minors under the age of 16 may be “chemically castrated” two months before they are released from prison. The longest period is 15 years. The United States, Denmark, Germany, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Sweden and other countries all have legislation on “chemical castration”, but the targets are generally habitual offenders who sexually assault children. For example, California is the first state in the United States to legislate on “chemical castration”, and the state stipulates that repeated offenders who have committed more than two sexual assaults to children under the age of 13 need “chemical castration” if they want to apply for parole. In many countries, whether a prisoner should be “chemically castrated” or not requires strict judgment by experts.
Prudent in principle
Except for a few countries such as South Korea and Poland, “chemical castration” in other places is voluntary. In South Korea, “chemical castration” is a mandatory measure. The same is true in Poland. In September 2009, the Polish parliament unanimously passed regulations to enforce “chemical castration” on criminals who raped close relatives or minors under 15 years of age. In March 2012, Moldova also passed a mandatory “chemical castration” law. If the prisoner is unwilling, he cannot be “chemically castrated”, but once he agrees, he cannot regret it. If you regret it, you will be punished very severely.
“Chemical castration” is mainly a preventive measure to protect children. In summary, “chemical castration” has the following three functions:
- As an alternative punishment. In many countries and regions, if you voluntarily choose “chemical castration”, then the prisoner can be rewarded with “probation” or “commutation”. For example, in Mendoza Province, Argentina, 11 sex offenders expressed their willingness to accept drug control. Most of them were habitual sex offenders who had not corrected themselves. Their sentences were all over 10 years. After receiving drug control, these criminals received a probation “reward”.
- As a treatment. Jill Hastad, who is fierce by nature, is a “household” perverted rapist in Norway. In 2003, Hastad raped and killed his stepdaughter after smoking marijuana and watching pornographic movies. Therefore, he was sentenced to 21 years in prison. In court, Hastad said in tears that he was willing to accept “chemical castration” in order to eliminate the uncontrollable sexual desire in his heart. And he and three other prisoners voluntarily formed the subjects of the very famous Norwegian “chemical castration” experiment. In fact, “chemical castration” was originally a treatment method.
- As a preventive measure. In the laws of South Korea and other countries, “chemical castration” refers to prisoners who are about to be released after serving their sentences, and these prisoners will also be equipped with electronic trackers.
In fact, the above three functions are often overlapping, but the most important thing is to “prevent trouble before it happens”, so it is generally the implementation of “chemical castration” for repeat offenders and repeat offenders.