The first documented battle in human history, the Battle of Kadeshi
The Battle of Kadesh (Battle of Kadesh) is one of the series of battles between the 19th Dynasty of Egypt and the Hittite Empire for the right to rule in Syria. At the end of May 1274 BC, the Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II led the 2000 war. Chariots and nearly 16,000 infantrymen competed with Hittite King Mowatari II for Hittite’s main base and military fortress in Syria—Kadies on the Orient River (now Taylor Naibimand, located in Hom, Syria) Nearby).
The Battle of Kadesh is one of the earliest written battles in ancient military history. The Hittite Peace of Egypt concluded after the war is the earliest written international military treaty document preserved in history to the present day.
The Egyptian pharaoh Ramses II, who was aspiring to become a hero of a generation, expanded his army. He took out 2,000 chariots at a time and had about 16,000 infantrymen of various types. A large number of light infantry from Nubia and Libya joined the pharaoh’s army, and some descendants of immigrants from northern Europe also formed the Sheldonian Guards who were good at using swords to fight for the pharaoh. The whole army is divided into four legions, named after the ancient Egyptian gods Amon, Seth, Ra and Putah. The troops were divided into four groups and marched to the important frontier town of Hittite in northern Syria, adjacent to the Orontes River. Kadeite.
The Hittites who received the news hurriedly carried out a general mobilization. 2500 Hittite-characterized heavy tanks and 15,000 infantry units were sent to Kadeshi. The young Hittite King Mowatari II personally supervised the battle and moved to Kadeite City for overall command. The king’s most reliant son, Hattusiri, also went to Syria with the army and served as an elite chariot commander. Because the Hittites’ military organization is more rigorous, the entire mobilization process is not known to the Egyptians. A large number of local Syrian princes of Mitanni also joined the Hittites with their respective subject army troops.
When the Egyptian army entered the Palestine area from the Sinai Peninsula, it quickly moved north through the Bekaa Valley, hoping to take Kadeite before the Hittite army was mobilized. As a result, the Ramon Army where Ramses himself belongs is progressing very quickly, and is in the most advanced position among the four legions.
At this time, two Arabs in the nearby desert found the Egyptian camp. They declared to Ramses that their tribe preferred Egypt rather than Hittite, and hoped that the Pharaoh’s army would quickly take Kadeshi. Because the Hittite army at this time is not yet in the remote Xiaoya mountainous area. Ramses, who received the news, was overjoyed and ordered the La Corps to speed up, and told the other three legions that had marched separately to come and join them quickly.
But when Pharaoh’s own vanguard set up camp near Kadeshi, they captured two Hittite spies. Through interrogation, the Egyptians found out that the Hittites had been hitting the countermeasures. At this time, the Hittite army was already located near Kadeshi. When the angry pharaoh asked other legions to approach him at a faster speed, Mowatari II had sent 2,500 chariots from the east bank of the Orontes River to ambush the flanks of the Egyptian army. The La Corps, following the Ramon Corps, was now advancing towards Kadeite in a long marching army, and the Hittites’ heavy chariots took the opportunity to charge towards it from the east. Unprepared, the Rajun regiment was quickly overwhelmed by the Hittites’ chariot troops, and the commander fled into the Ramon regiment camp to the north.
The Hittite chariots that completed the victory blow teamed up again and rushed north into the Ramon Army camp that was too late to prepare. As most of the Egyptian soldiers were busy setting up camps, the small groups of resistance organized temporarily were quickly shattered, and the Pharaoh himself could only be protected from poisonous hands under the protection of elite guards, and the war lions that protected him were released to “guard.”