What are the advantages of Hittite in the Battle of Kadesh
Since the Hittites formed a nation in 2000 BC, they have continued to expand outward. Since the Hittites used iron weapons for the first time in human history, their combat effectiveness was extremely fierce and crushed other countries that used bronze and stone weapons at that time. By 1600 BC, they occupied Syria and Palestine; five years later, they captured Babylon and completely ransacked the most prosperous city in the world at that time. Hittite’s aggressive posture severely violated the interests of Egypt, so the two empires fought fiercely in the Middle East, but Hittite always prevailed.
After Egypt entered the era of the New Kingdom, its power grew stronger, so it began a strategic counterattack against Hittite.
In the fourth year of Egypt’s Pharaoh Ramses II, he led an army northward to invade Syria. This time, Pharaoh is determined to firmly control Syria and prevent it from breaking away from Egypt and returning to the Hittite Empire. At the same time, he was also very clear that once the Egyptian army invaded Syria, it would inevitably lead to the Hittite Empire’s counterattack, and this also achieved his goal of a showdown with the Hittite Empire.
The Hittite Empire has always used the two-wheeled chariot as its magic weapon to win. This two-wheeled chariot can carry three people, one person drives, and the other two hold spears and shields respectively. It can attack and defend, and its body is wide and strong, and it has full impact. . In contrast, Egyptian two-wheeled chariots are lighter. There are only two people driving in the vehicle and the other holding a javelin and bow. The Egyptian chariot has an advantage in attacking the enemy from a distance. Moreover, the Egyptian army also trained lions and other beasts to fight, and when they were released, they were extremely shocking to the enemy.
Ramses II’s army went through Canaan without any blood, and came to Amor, who has always been swaying in attitude. Facing the pressure of the Egyptian army at this time, Amor chief Bantshina surrendered once again as before. But as soon as the Egyptian army left Amor, he repeated his old tricks and hurriedly explained to his old master Hittite King Mowatalish that his return to Egypt was forced by the situation and was an expedient measure. To express his loyalty to Hittite, he immediately announced that he would never pay tribute to Egypt. Even so, Ramses’ goal of provoking Hittite has been achieved. Moatalish accepted the challenge from Egypt, and he decided to send troops to fight.