The 19th Dynasty of Egypt (1295 BC-1189 BC), the second dynasty in the New Kingdom period, was established by Ramses I in 1295 BC, and reached its peak during the reign of Ramses II. In 1189 BC, the 19th dynasty of Egypt was overthrown by the Isur uprising.
In 1295 BC, the last king of the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt, Harunheb, died, Ramses I succeeded and established the nineteenth dynasty of Egypt, and the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt ended.
Seti I, the son of Ramses I, defeated the invading Libyans and captured Canaan. During this period, the Hittite Empire in Asia Minor also expanded to Syria. After the death of Seti I, son Ramses II succeeded. In 1274 BC, the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt and the Hittite Empire had each other’s victory and defeat in the Battle of Kadeish. In 1272 BC, Ramses II attacked Syria again. In 1270 BC, the northern border of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt reached the west bank of the Euphrates River. In 1259 BC, the 19th Dynasty of Egypt and the Hittite Empire signed the “Hittite Peace Treaty of Egypt”. The war between the 19th Dynasty of Egypt and the Hittite Empire in Syria ended, and the 19th Dynasty of Egypt reached its peak.
Ramses II reigned for 66 years. In the latter part of his reign, the 19th Dynasty of Egypt began to decline. In 1213 BC, Ramses II died and his son Myron Putah succeeded to the throne. In 1205 BC, Melamptah defeated the invading sea peoples. In 1203 BC, Myremptach died, and the son Seti II succeeded to the throne. Amon Messes occupied Upper Egypt and opposed Seti II. In 1200 BC, Seti II defeated Amon Mesis and unified the country. After Siputach’s death, Tavost, the wife of Seti II, succeeded to the throne. In 1189 BC, the 19th dynasty of Egypt was overthrown by the Isur uprising. Setnakht suppressed the Issur uprising and established the 20th Dynasty of Egypt.