Why did the ancient Chinese regime never completely occupy and rule the Korean peninsula forever?
The Korean Peninsula, also known as the Korean Peninsula, is a peninsula located in Northeast Asia, surrounded by the sea on three sides and adjacent to China on the other. The Korean peninsula consists of a main peninsula and 3300 pairs of large and small islands. After the end of World War II in 1945, according to the arrangements of the Yalta Conference, the Korean peninsula split into two powers, the Korean War broke out in 1950, and the ceasefire agreement was finally signed in 1953. The demilitarized zone along the 38° north latitude was divided into two countries, namely North Korea and South Korea now.
In China’s thousands of years of history, the Central Plains regime has occupied the entire Korean peninsula many times and established prefectures and counties here. Why has it not maintained its rule over the peninsula for a long time, but the regime on the peninsula has repeatedly risen and become independent? Stabilize the autonomous regime? In fact, there are three main reasons for this:
- Too far away
The Korean peninsula is located in Northeast Asia, surrounded by the sea on three sides and the Yalu River on the other. The military power of the Central Plains regime has been dominated by ground-based armed forces since ancient times. Then cross the river to enter the Korean Peninsula. Such a long distance is very unfavorable for marching operations and consumes too much food and grass.
- The disaster of nomads
The regime in the Central Plains has long had a trouble since ancient times, that is, the nomadic peoples in the north have no fixed abode. They have been migrating on the vast grasslands. If you are strong, they will run, and if you are weak, they will come. Therefore, as early as the Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period, the Great Wall was built to resist the harassment of the northern nomads. It was not defeated, but unable to eliminate the roots, which really annoyed the rulers.
Even during the period when the Central Plains regime was strong, the pilgrimage of all nations did not completely eliminate or assimilate these nomads. Once you show weakness, these peoples on horseback will come back to life. The Five Unruly China is a profound historical lesson. The inherent territories in the north are not good for governance and defense, let alone the more distant Korean peninsula.
- Food is tasteless, like chicken ribs
In the concept of the territories of ancient Chinese emperors, Shandong to the Liaodong Peninsula belonged to the scope of Kyushu, which is the inherent territory of the Chinese nation, and North Korea and the Xiongnu in the historical records belong to the grade of “Biography” and belong to the frontier in the concept. Land, there is a kind of dispensable. Therefore, most of the emperors did not have the desire to conquer the Korean Peninsula, and most of them focused on defense to avoid their harassment on the Liaodong Peninsula.
Even if some Central Plains dynasties occupied the Korean peninsula, they generally ruled in nominal terms. For example, the four counties of the Han Dynasty, the Wugjin Prefecture of the Tang Dynasty, and the Far East Province of the Yuan Dynasty were actually handed over to the Korean Peninsula. Aboriginal forces manage it on their behalf.
It is precisely because of these three points that the Korean peninsula can maintain national independence for a long time, and then evolved into the modern two independent countries of North Korea and South Korea.