On the evening of October 10, 1911, the Wuchang Uprising officially broke out. In history, this revolution is called the Revolution of 1911. This day was later designated as the National Day of the Republic of China.
Whether it is in the history books we have studied or in other historical documents, it is said that the Revolution of 1911 was led by Sun Yat-sen, but in fact, on October 10, 1911, Sun Yat-sen was still in exile. How did he lead it?
On October 11, 1911, after the revolutionary party won the Wuchang Uprising, they established the Hubei military government of the Republic of China. At that time, Sun Yat-sen was abroad, and other important leaders of the League, Huang Xing, were not in Wuchang. The organizers and leaders of the Wuchang Uprising, Jiang Yiwu, Sun Wu, etc., died or fled because of the incident on October 9.
The revolutionaries lacked a well-respected leader to preside over big plans. At the same time, he mistakenly believed that there should be a call from a person with status and prestige, so he forced Li Yuanhong, the leader of the Qinghua Army to be elected as the military governor. Later, a group of old bureaucrats, old soldiers, and constitutionalists headed by Li Yuanhong gradually mastered the power of the military government.
A temporary local military and political organization established by the revolutionary party during the Revolution of 1911. After the Wuchang Uprising in October 1911 (Xuantong three years), the Hubei Revolutionary Party established the Hubei military government based on the “China Union League Revolutionary Strategy” formulated by Sun Yat-sen and others. Also known as military orders), military affairs, staff officers, and political affairs departments, with several officials.
The Ministry of Political Affairs was abolished, and the military government was reorganized into 9 departments including military orders, staff officers, military affairs, internal affairs, foreign affairs, justice, transportation, financial management, and editing, and a general supervision department was established, and secretary, consultant, and inspection departments were established. The Ministry of Industry and Education was added.
The military government organizations in Shanghai, Yunnan, Hunan and other places are also similar. Later, Yuan Shikai ordered the abolition of the governor system and the implementation of the general system.
If you ask the direct leader Sun Yat-sen? Then the answer is no.
Why is it said that the Revolution of 1911 was led by Sun Yat-sen? The establishment of the Tongmenghui has effectively promoted the development of the national revolutionary movement. Mr. Zhongshan sent people to various places at home and abroad to organize and propagate revolution. He also promoted and raised funds from overseas Chinese, and established branches of the League of Nations in some places. Sun Yat-sen became the banner of the Chinese revolutionary democrats.
Introduction to Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen (November 12, 1866-March 12, 1925), the name of the text, the word contains it, the name is Rixin, and the name is Yixian, the young name is Emperor Xiang, and the alias is Zhongshan Qiao. He was the pioneer of the national democratic revolution in modern China, the great forerunner of the Chinese democratic revolution, the founder of the Republic of China and the Chinese Kuomintang, the advocate of the Three People’s Principles, and the creation of the “Five Powers Constitution.” He first held the banner of complete anti-imperialism and anti-feudalism, and “started a republic and ended up with two thousand years of feudal monarchy.”
Sun Yat-sen wrote “General Plan for the Founding of the Country”, “Outline of the Founding of the Country”, “Three Principles of the People” and so on. His works have been collected and published many times after his death, including the eleven-volume “The Complete Works of Sun Yat-sen” published by Zhonghua Book Company in 1986, and the “Complete Works of Sun Yat-sen” published in Taipei in 1969, 1973, and 1985.
Sun Yat-sen exhausted his life’s energy in order to transform China and left indelible feats in history, and he also established a solid and precious legacy for politics and his successors.